The beginning of the space age is considered to be October 4, 1957 - the day of launch of the first artificial satellite (Sputnik). Since then, mankind has actively started transition to the wireless communication method. As a result of this transition satellite TV, telephone and Internet have appeared. Signals from space are helping scientists to study in detail the processes of the earth. For example, it has now become possible to observe the distribution of air masses. The significance of this aspect could be assessed a couple of years ago at the time of the eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland, reminds the director of the Institute of Space Research Lev Zelyonnii:
“The cloud was moving towards Europe at that time, airplane flights were cancelled, and no one knew exactly where the danger zone lay, to which areas the ash from the volcanic eruption was heading. Satellite measurements allowed us to estimate the size of the cloud, to see where and how it was going, and to show which areas were dangerous to fly and which were safe.
Space research in the medical field has also been very useful, according to Lev Zelyonnii:
“Of course, to keep a man virtually motionless for over a year in space is not easy. And it requires special medical facilities. Therefore special training equipment, medicines, spacesuits are being developed. And it turned out that all of this is beneficial for people with limited mobility, for people with poor blood circulation.”
Space research is a dynamic process. Now, for example, experts at innovation center "Skolkovo", the space technology and telecommunications studies cluster, has placed an order with Roscosmos to create intelligent machines to help astronauts, says CEO Sergei Zhukov:
”In space, there is enormous scope for robots: from the little helpers that will hold a screwdriver or a light to the astronaut when he is working inside the station, to complex robots that can fly in geostationary orbit and repair a geostationary satellite. Or work on the moon in future.”
Space robots will probably find employment on the earth also. Until recently, no one could assume that the technology of water purification with silver ions, devised specifically for the ISS, will be as popular on the Earth and water filters will appear in almost every home.